Converting markdown files to PDF in GitHub actions
I needed to take a bunch of markdown files and convert them into a PDF, with all images present and correct, and using a CSS-based stylesheet. Behind the scenes, this is usually done using an intermediate HTML step. My attempts to solve this issue took me down a few different paths, so I thought I’d share the eventual solution to save myself time in the future.
There are one or two actions in the marketplace that do this, but I didn’t find any hassle-free action that would do this in a simple repeatable way. As you’ll see from the example, the plan is to have a folder-per-output, so eventually there could be many actions firing for different changes (i.e. filtered by path for the “on push” trigger).
Example set up
The set up for this example is shown below (this is the result of a
tree /F command).
├───.github │ └───workflows │ test.yaml │ ├───test │ 001-part-one.md │ 002-part-two.md │ steve-sq.jpg │ └───theme style.css
What should happen
We want all of the markdown files in the
test folder to be combined into a single PDF output file.
Additionally, it should be styled using the
The commands to run
This is all going to run on an Ubuntu machine supplied by GitHub when the action runs, so all the commands are geared towards that. Most can also be run on Windows using PowerShell, except one funky one that would need a rewrite to work in PowerShell.
We’re going to install “md-to-pdf” using NPM. This is the workhorse that’s doing the really difficult bit.
npm install -g md-to-pdf
We want to put the output in a folder, so we’d better create it before we start.
mkdir -p _output
We are then going to slip into the folder with all the markdown files. Embedded images work if we’re running in the right folder. I called the folder “test”, but you might want to call it “content” or something specific to the content.
We’re going to do several things in one big hit in the next command.
for f in *.mdfor each file with a “.md” extension
do cat $f; echo; donestitch them together with added line breaks (these line breaks are super important)
|pipe (send) the resulting blob of text into the next command
md-to-pdf --stylesheet "../theme/style.css"convert that text into a pdf, using our stylesheet
> ../_output/result.pdfsave the result in a PDF called “result.pdf” in the “_output” folder
Here it is as it will appear in the action:
for f in *.md; do cat $f; echo; done | md-to-pdf --stylesheet "../theme/style.css" > ../_output/blue-paper.pdf
That’s all the important commands detailed, let’s look at it all put together.
The full action
The full action is below, you’ll see we are using the standard checkout step to grab the repo and the standard upload-artefact step to store the output.
There is also a little extra logging included to help you work out if you are in the right place, and the expected files are hanging around.
name: convert on: push: jobs: converttopdf: name: Build PDF runs-on: ubuntu-latest steps: - uses: actions/[email protected] - name: Build book run: |- npm install -g md-to-pdf mkdir -p _output cd test echo; echo "Input Folder Listing" ls echo; echo "Generating PDF" for f in *.md; do cat $f; echo; done | md-to-pdf --stylesheet "../theme/style.css" > ../_output/blue-paper.pdf cd ../_output echo; echo "Output Folder Listing" ls cd .. - uses: actions/[email protected] with: name: output path: _output